According to a study supervised by Ithaca College's Exercise and Sport Sciences Chair Thomas Swensen, betaine—a nutrient found in shellfish and beets—boosts athletic performance by nearly six percent when added to a sports drink. Published in the "Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition," the study is available at

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"Betaine may contribute to creatine synth...

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    Steve ParcellSteve Parcell

A large French retrospective analysis provides good news for caffeine lovers: investigators showed that drinking tea or coffee was associated with a small but statistically significant reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. In addition, drinking tea and coffee was also associated with a significant reduction in pulse pressure and heart rate, although the heart-rate reductions were greater with tea.

Unfortunately, the resear...

Patients with celiac disease may be more likely to develop early atherosclerosis, but a gluten-free diet has the potential to mitigate this increased risk, according to recent results.

In a pilot study, researchers assessed the risk for atherosclerosis in 20 adults with celiac disease, at diagnosis and after 6 to 8 months of a gluten-free diet with mucosal recovery. Evaluated factors included total, HDL and LDL cholesterol, C-reactive p...